In preparing manuscripts, authors should follow the specific instructions
listed below (these are also available online at: www.ectrx.org).
Manuscripts that do not adhere to these g uidelines will be returned
to the author without consideration.
Experimental and Clinical Transplantation accepts original articles, case reports, reviews, and letters to the editor. Manuscripts must be submitted via Manuscript Central at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ect.
- Manuscripts that have been submitted for publication elsewhere will not be accepted.
- The Editor has the right to make editorial corrections with the knowledge and approval of the author.
A mandatory Financial Disclosure, Copyright Transfer, and Ethical
Conduct Form is to be completed by the submitting author. The form
can be downloaded from Manuscript Central during the online
submission process. The manuscript will be assigned for peer review
and editorial evaluation ONLY after this form has been submitted.
Experimental and Clinical Transplantation is a member of COPE
(Committee on Publication Ethics) and requires all authors to adhere
to the principles outlined in their International Standards for Authors:*
- The research being reported should have been conducted in an
ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant
- Researchers should present their results clearly, honestly, and without
fabrication, falsification, or inappropriate data manipulation.
- Researchers should strive to describe their methods clearly and
unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.
- Researchers should adhere to publication requirements that
submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been
- Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and
- The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect
individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.
- Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed.
*Wager E, Kleinert S. (2011) Responsible research publication:
international standards for authors. A position statement developed at
the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity, Singapore, July 22-24,
2010. Chapter 50 in: Mayer T & Steneck N, eds. Promoting Research
Integrity in a Global Environment. Singapore: Imperial College Press /
World Scientific Publishing; 2011:309-316.
There is no page limit for original articles, but authors are urged to be
as concise as possible.
For case reports, the text (excluding Figures, Tables, Legends, and
References) should be a succinct description of no more than 1500
words, and should include no more than 3 Figures that emphasize
elements of the case, including methodology used. Only generic names
of drugs should be used throughout the text. Drugs, instruments, or
equipment should be identified by the manufacturer's name and address
in parentheses following the item, and procedures should be described
in sufficient detail to allow other investigators to reproduce the results.
When describing pharmaceutical interventions, include the dosage
regimen in parentheses after the drug name.
Except for expressing units of measurement, the use of abbreviations is
discouraged. To introduce an abbreviation, on first mention in the text
the full term should be spelled out, followed by the abbreviation in
parentheses. Abbreviations must not be used in the Abstract or the
AAWP: Avoid Abbreviations Whenever Possible. The added length of
spelling out words is more than compensated for by the increased
readability when words are spelled out. Idiosyncratic abbreviations make
text particularly difficult to read. Abbreviations widely used within a
narrow discipline can make a manuscript uninterpretable to the
interested reader from outside that discipline. Do not create new or
unusual abbreviations. For example, if your paper refers to the paw
pressure test, just call it the “paw pressure test” throughout the paper,
not the PPT.
Write as you speak. You would call an electrocardiogram an ECG, or
EKG, so it is acceptable to abbreviate it as ECG or EKG (after it is spelled
out on first use). However, spell out words if there is any possible
ambiguity. This will help clarify your manuscript on morphine sulfate
kinetics in multiple sclerosis patients with severe mitral stenosis.
For additional information on proper use of medical abbreviations, refer
to the Council of Biology Editors Style Manual, Fifth Edition (Bethesda,
MD: Council of Biology Editors, 1983).
Units of Measurement
All measurements must be listed in SI units. Conventional units may be
shown in parentheses after the SI units. Temperatures must be
expressed in degrees Celsius (°C).
As a guide, authors should follow the requirements set forth in the
American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th Edition.
Text Style: Manuscripts must be typed on A4 paper in double-spaced
format, using 12-point Times New Roman font, with 1-inch margins at
the top, bottom, and sides of each page. Type the text flush left. Enter
only 1 space between words and between sentences. For line breaks
within a paragraph, use the automatic wrap-around feature of your
word processor. Do not place a line break (ie, do not press the
"Enter" button) at the end of any sentence within a paragraph. Ensure
that the hyphenation option is switched off. Leave 1 blank line (press
"Enter" twice) between heading and text. Begin each new paragraph
with a tab indent. Number pages consecutively, with the Title Page as
page 1. Type the page number in the upper right-hand corner of each
page. Papers must be written in English, and authors are urged to aim
for clarity, brevity, and accuracy of information and language. Authors
INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS
whose first language is not English should have their papers checked for
linguistic accuracy by a native English speaker.
This page of the manuscript should contain a concise and informative
title comprising no more than 200 characters. List the authors' (10
maximum) full names and affiliations. If the authors are affiliated with
more than 1 institution, indicate the appropriate information using a
superscripted Arabic numeral to match each author's name with that
of the author’s department and institution. State any name disclaimers
that apply. Indicate the name, mailing address, telephone, fax number,
and e-mail address of the corresponding author. Grants and/or financial
support for the work should be noted in a statement on this page.
A structured Abstract is required for original articles only. The Abstract
cannot exceed 300 words, and should include 4 sections with the
- Material and Methods
Nonstandard abbreviations, references, and footnotes should not be
used. Three-to-five key words that do not appear on the Title Page
should be included on the Abstract page. It is recommended that
authors consult the Medical Subject Headings section of the National
Library of Medicine (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html).
The text of original articles should follow the Abstract and include the
following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results,
Discussion, References, Tables, and Figure Legends. Figures, themselves,
must be uploaded as separate files..
The Introduction should appear with a heading. It should be concise and present relevant background information.
The Materials and Methods section should contain a statement
indicating that all protocols, experimental studies, and clinical trials
involving human subjects were approved by the ethics committee of the
institution before the study began, and that the protocols conformed
to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Helsinki Declaration. It also must
be stated that written informed consent was obtained from patients or
their guardians. Individual patients should be identified by number rather
than by initials. For animal studies, it must be stated that, before the
study, all protocols were approved by the institution's animal welfare
regulatory committee, and/or all protocols were in conformity with the
Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals published by the
National Institutes of Health 86-23, revised in 1985.
Authors are responsible for any false statements, and for
failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
The reference style for Experimental and Clinical Transplantation is that
set forth in the American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th Edition.
In-text citations should use Arabic superscripted numerals outside
periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons. They should be
numbered consecutively throughout the text. The same system applies
for references that are cited in a Table or Figure. Journal names (as listed
in the January issue of Index Medicus for each year) and unpublished
works and/or data should not be used as references, although written
communications may be noted as such in the text. References cited as
"in-press" must have been accepted for publication at the time the
manuscript is submitted; they must not be in preparation or awaiting
acceptance. Full pagination must be included. Authors are responsible
for the accuracy of the references, and must verify them against the
original document. Experimental and Clinical Transplantation limits the
amount of references in Reviews to 75, in Original Articles to 50, and
in Case Reports to 15. Authors who do not follow this style will have
their manuscripts returned to them unread. The following styles are
Journal Articles: The names of all authors should be given unless there
are more than 6, in which case the names of the first 3 authors are used,
followed by “et al.” Rainer S, Thomas D, Tokarz D, et al.
Myofibrillogenesis regulator 1 gene mutations cause paroxysmal dystonic
choreoathetosis. Arch Neurol. 2004;61(7):1025-1029.
Book Chapters: Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and
treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens
and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker;
Entire Books: Venables WN, Ripley BD. Modern Applied Statistics With S. 4th ed. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co; 2003.
Tables should be self-explanatory and should supplement, not
duplicate, the text. They should be placed after the Reference section.
Do not submit Tables as photographs. Each Table should appear on a
separate page, and be accompanied by a brief double-spaced Table
legend. The text within the Table should also be double-spaced. Each
Table must be cited in consecutive numerical order in the text, and
should be identified with an Arabic numeral following the word
"Table." Place a horizontal line below the legend, below the column
headings, and at the end of the Table. Do not use vertical lines. To place
text beneath a column heading, use a tab(s), not a space(s). Place
explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the Table legend. Use
appropriate symbols (eg, *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, #, **, ††, ‡‡) to designate
footnotes. The footnotes for each Table should contain expanded
versions of all abbreviations used in the Table contents, and should
identify statistical measures of variation, such as standard deviation
and standard error of the mean. If dates pertaining to other published
sources (copyrighted material used) are noted in the Table, the author
must obtain written permission from the publisher and the original
author(s), and acknowledge this fully in a footnote or in an addition to
the legend. Below each Table, provide a key with the Abbreviations
used in that Table, followed by its meaning, for example: “ECG,
electrocardiogram; MMF, mycophenolate mofetil.”
Number Figures as Figure 1, Figure 2, and refer to all of them in the
text. Figures must be created with a computer program and submitted
in their original formats.
Legends and notes should be included in the article file and NOT in the
Figure itself. Below each Figure, provide a key with the Abbreviations
used in that Figure, followed by its meaning, for example: “ECG,
electrocardiogram; MMF, mycophenolate mofetil.”
Upload Figures separately from the text (Figure files should not be
integrated with the text files).
Vector graphics exported from a drawing program should be stored in
EPS format only.
Guidelines for Electronically Produced Figures/Illustrations
For production of the Figures/Illustrations of an accepted manuscript,
the Baskent University production department requires electronically
produced Figures to be saved in EPS (Encapsulated PostScript), PDF
(Portable Document Format), or TIFF (Tag Image File Format) format.
Most drawing programs (eg, Adobe Illustrator, Deneba Canvas,
CorelDraw) have a save-as-EPS option in their Save dialog box. Other
information about EPS can be found at the Adobe Web site.
Spreadsheet/Presentation Graphics: Most presentation programs
(Excel, PowerPoint, and Freelance) produce data that cannot be stored
in an EPS or TIFF format. Therefore, graphics produced by these
programs cannot be used for reproduction.
Halftone Illustrations: Black and white and color Figures and
Illustrations should be saved in EPS or TIFF format.
Figures and Illustrations should be created using Adobe Photoshop
Scans: Scanned reproductions of black and white photographs should
be provided as 300 ppi EPS or TIFF files.
Scanned color Illustrations should be provided as EPS or TIFF files
scanned at a minimum of 300 ppi with a 24-bit color depth.
Line art should be provided as EPS or TIFF files at 600 ppi.
The Figure legends should be typed in double-spaced format on a
separate page following any Tables, with each Figure numbered and listed
in the order it appears in the text. For Figures with multiple parts, each
part must be identified by a letter following the Figure number (eg, 3A,
3B, 3C) and be clearly described in the legend. Any letter designations
or arrows that appear in the Figure should be described fully. If any
previously published Figure material is used, authors must obtain written
permission from the publisher to reprint. The source of the original
material must be cited in the reference list and in the Figure legend.
All permission releases must be submitted to the Editor at the time of
Proofs will be sent to the author (corresponding /first-named) by PDF
for final proof reading and appropriate corrections and should be
returned via Manuscript Central within 48 hours of receipt. Major
changes such as deleting, shortening, amending sentences, Figures and
Tables in the manuscript are not acceptable. Only minor corrections
(eg, typesetting errors) will be considered without extra cost.
Orders for offprints may be placed in the appropriate form
accompanying the corrected proofs, or by contacting the Editorial Office.